This is an introductory course for beginning language learners. No prior knowledge is required. Students study language fundamentals such as pronunciations, vocabulary and grammar. The emphases are: a) establishing a solid foundation in pronunciations; b) building up vocabulary and sentence patterns in communicative contexts; c) introducing writing systems and preparing students to read characters. In addition, cultural and social information that go along with language use are also included in the teaching. Lessons address common topics such as greeting and farewell, identifying oneself and family members, talking about hobbies and school life/workplace, telling time and dates, making invitation/appointment, shopping, dining in a restaurant, and exchanging information about weather/transportation.