This course is a continuation of Fundamentals I. It aims to help students further develop communicative skills in listening and speaking, with an additional emphasis on reading texts. The emphases of this course are: a) building up more vocabulary and grammatical structures for communications purposes, b) integrating the linguistic and cultural knowledge acquired in Fundamentals I with the new knowledge, c) introducing business content and terminology in instructions and activities. Lessons address common topics such as asking/giving directions, reserving flight tickets, seeing a doctor, renting an apartment, and using postal service and library. Other topics include describing physical surroundings/personal appearances, and giving advice and opinions.